Lake District in North West England is commonly referred to as Lakeland or The Lakes. This mountainous region has become one of the most famous holiday destinations in England. The region is not just popular for its lakes, mountains, and forests but due to its rich history of association with great Lake Poets like William Wordsworth who pioneered poetry and writings in the 19th Century. Historically, Lake District is shared by three counties which are Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland but now lies in the modern Cumbria country. The Lake District National Park now includes Scafell Pike which is England’s highest mountain. In addition, Lake District is also home to the longest and deepest lakes in England, Windermere and Wastwater respectively.
Lake District National Park includes almost every part of Lake District even though Lakeland Peninsulas and Kendal town are not within the Park boundary. It is England’s most visited part with nearly 16 million visitors per year. It is the largest national park in Wales and England and UK’s second-largest park after the Cairngorms.
Lake District was designated as a national park as a way of protecting the landscape through restriction of unwelcome changes through industry and commerce. However, a bigger part of the land in this national park is under private ownership with the main owners being United Utilities and National Trust. Just like other England national parks, there are no entry restrictions and visitors can move freely within the national park along the public routes. Visitors must however use the public footpaths while accessing cultivated land in the park.
The mountains and lakes in the Lake District form very impressive scenery with the natural sceneries being enhanced by the settlements and farmland. Due to the numerous human activities like the commercial forestry that has significantly impacted on the assessment of the park, Lake District hasn’t been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. However, there are plans to have it listed as a cultural landscape World Heritage Status. Fells/mountains or lakes are some of the major attractions in the Lake District and offer serious rewarding and challenging hill walks. However, mountaineers can walk on the fells rather than climbing with ropes.
Scafell Pike is the highest point in the Lake District and it is characterized by lots of traffic. Some visitors opt to climb the smaller fells as they are more rewarding and even offer better views. Some of the popular choices are Helvellyn and Great Gable while other hills are little known such as Bowfell, Fairfield, and Grisedale Pike. The fells and lakes combine to form inspiring and dramatic scenery. Naturally formed by glacial erosion, human intervention through farming has modified the area significantly.
Lake District national park features an extensive footpath network that leads visitors to the fells and valleys and allows excellent access. Most tourists spend most of their time just walking by the lakes or on the fells. With more than two hundred fells easily accessed by visitors, you can bet there is so much to do and enjoy in the Lake District.